Islam in the Arab world

Islam is the second largest religion in the world and although it is now the most widely followed religion in the Middle East, the majority of its followers, Muslims, live in countries outside the Middle East, such as Indonesia. Although Islam is a single religion, it is important to recognise that Muslims are not a single homogenous group – they are from diverse countries and subscribe to different branches of Islam.

The word ‘Islam’ is an Arabic word which means “submission to the commands of Allah” and signifies a way of life in which Muslims submit themselves to Allah’s (God’s) commandments in all facets of their personal, family and civic life. Islam is not described in Arabic as a religion, but as a ‘deen’ which means a way of life for its followers.

Further Reading & Materials