Customs & Rituals

 Date seller in the old souq in Kuwait City
Date seller in the old souq in Kuwait City, surrounded by dates from Kuwait, Iran, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Muslims traditionally break their fasts in the month of Ramadan with dates, as was the recorded practice (Sunnah) of Muhammad. Source: Trammell Hudson (autopilot) (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Muslim customs and rituals around birth, marriage and death are all within the teachings of Islam, but can vary from country to country. See our Culture & Traditions section for more information and the Media Guide: Islam & Muslims in Australia which provides thorough information on Islamic religious practices and customs, including details on halal, haram, hijab, Ramadan, marriage, divorce, family and gender roles.

Religious Observances

Key festivals and celebrations for Muslims are around two major religious celebrations:

  • Eid al Fitr: This signifies the breaking of the fast of Ramadan; as Ramadan is in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, the Eid al Fitr is celebrated in the tenth month
  • Eid al-Adha: This takes place after the pilgrimage to Mecca in the twelfth month and involves the sacrificing of a lamb or other animals and distributing the meat to relatives, friends and the poor; the sacrifice of the lamb symbolises obedience to Allah and the distribution to others manifests the value of generosity